Submitted: 03 Aug 2020
Revised: 14 Dec 2020
Accepted: 25 Dec 2020
First published online: 30 Dec 2020
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Int J Enteric Pathog. 2020;8(4):147-150.
doi: 10.34172/ijep.2020.30
  Abstract View: 255
  PDF Download: 201

Original Article

The Assessment of Vitamin D Serum Level in Patients With Pulmonary and Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Karaj, Iran, During 2017-2018.

Alireza Soleimani 1 ORCiD, Mohammad Hossein Dehghan Tarzejani 2, Shirin Shams Hakimi 2, Niloofar Alishiri 2, Roya Torabizadeh 3,2 * ORCiD

1 Department of Infectious Disease, Imam Ali Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
2 Alborz University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Karaj, Iran
3 Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Dietary Supplements and Probiotic Research Center, Karaj, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Roya Torabizadeh, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Karaj, Iran Email: Email:


Background: It is important to determine the type of tuberculosis and its related factors in order for effectively treating a disease and reducing its side effects in the society.

Objective: This study aimed to determine vitamin D level in patients with pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in Karaj, Iran in 2017-2018.

Materials and Methods: In this observational study, 102 patients suffering from pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis disease were availably selected in Karaj, Iran in 2017-2018. They were examined and, then, their vitamin D level were assessed and compared according to the type of tuberculosis.

Results: The study results showed that vitamin D level was normal in 39.2% of the case study population, but it was abnormal in 60.8% of it (18.6% deficiency and 42.2% insufficiency). Vitamin D deficiency was 15.8% in pulmonary tuberculosis patients and it was 22.2% in extra-pulmonary tuberculosis ones, showing no significant difference (P>0.05) statistically.

Conclusion: According to the obtained results, hypovitaminosis-D was detected in more than half of the patients with pulmonary and extra pulmonary tuberculosis, which was not associated with the type of tuberculosis. Seemingly, the patients needed the same amount of – or even more – food, medical supplements, sports, and sunlight compared to healthy people.

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